Providing access to improved drinking water and basic sanitation is proven to drive development and promote health in cities and communities. However, improving urban water and sanitation systems is a complex challenge for utilities and local governments with factors such as climate change, rapid urbanisation, aging and poorly maintained infrastructure, limited institutional capacity, and a high dependency on natural resources all contributing to limiting development at the local level. Resilience, therefore, needs to be integrated into drinking-water and sanitation service delivery to cope with present and future climate variability.
In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, access to clean water and sanitation presents major challenges, in particular, for the urban poor. In addition to access challenges poor services can also result in the spread of illness, including cholera, malaria, and diarrhoea, particularly during times of flooding, which could become more severe or frequent in future due to climate change. In response these challenges Dar es Salaam has developed a number of good initiatives aimed at improving urban areas in the city:
Formalisation of slums will be provide a foundation to regulate these settlements and ultimately allow provision of infrastructure including drainage channels for storm water, piped water supply, refuse collection services using municipal and private vehicles, sanitation (pit and septic tank emptying services), secure tenure (loans), improvi- ng housing conditions and reducing overcrowding in unplanned settlements.
This project is co-financed as part of the European Commission funded ACCESSanitation and SURe Water 4 Africa projects.
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