Africa Water and Sanitation Local Authorities Network
  • Almost 20% of Sub-Saharan Africa relies on a water source that is more than 30 minutes away from the household.
  • Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for over a third of the world's 884 million people who still do not get their drinking water from improved sources.
  • Africa has 9% of global freshwater resources, but 15% of the global population.
  • 26% of Africa's population (244 million) has a piped water connection on their premises.

Climate Proofing Urban Water and Sanitation

Providing access to improved drinking water and basic sanitation is proven to drive development and promote health in cities and communities. However, improving urban water and sanitation systems is a complex challenge for utilities and local governments with factors such as climate change, rapid urbanisation, aging and poorly maintained infrastructure, limited institutional capacity, and a high dependency on natural resources all contributing to limiting development at the local level. Resilience, therefore, needs to be integrated into drinking-water and sanitation service delivery to cope with present and future climate variability.

In Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, access to clean water and sanitation presents major challenges, in particular, for the urban poor. In addition to access challenges poor services can also result in the spread of  illness,  including  cholera,  malaria,  and  diarrhoea, particularly  during  times of flooding, which  could become more severe or frequent in future due to climate change. In response these challenges Dar es Salaam has developed a number of good initiatives aimed at improving urban areas in the city:

  • City authorities have rehabilitated of storm water drainage in the city centre and sewerage systems to help them withstand heavy flooding and improve resilience to climatic events
  • Property formalisation in Dar es Salaam - The  government  is  implementing  a  project  to  identify  all  properties in informal settlements to  issue land/property licenses or  Right of Occupancy  in an attempt to curb  further densification in  those areas and  to improve security of  tenure, which could be used as collateral for economic empowerment.

Formalisation of slums will be provide a foundation to regulate these settlements and ultimately allow  provision  of  infrastructure  including  drainage  channels  for  storm  water,  piped  water  supply,  refuse  collection services using municipal and private vehicles, sanitation (pit and septic tank emptying services), secure tenure (loans), improvi- ng housing conditions and reducing overcrowding in unplanned settlements.